Router Lab Installation (Olive / Juniper)
|Motherboard||CPU MHz||RAM MB||HDD GB|
|Router 1||ECS P4VXASD2+||P4 1700||256||4|
|Router 2||MSI K7 Pro (6195)||Athlon 850||256||5|
|Router 3||MSI K7 Pro (6195)||Athlon 700||256||1|
|Router 4||generic||Celeron 800||384||10|
|Router 5||Intel SE440BX||Pentium 2 350||160||1|
|Router 6||Biostar M7MKA||Athlon 700||384||10|
|Router 7||Gigabyte GA-7ZX||Duron 700||384||1|
|Router 8||Asus A7N266-C||Athlon 1200||256||1|
|Router 9||IBM 300 PL||P3 450||256||4|
|Router 10||Soyo KT333 Dragon Ultra||Athlon 1800XP||256||3|
The routers are PCs that I collected over the years as a tech/admin. I put the hardware into the rackmount cases you see here. I bought these cases from newegg.com. The other guts of these machines are from ebay.
I bought a bunch of network cards on ebay. They use the Intel 82559 chip, which works just fine for the Juniper Olive. Other chipsets, such as the 82558, also work well.
It’s patch cables all the way until I got to the Xyplex terminal server. Once there, I had to make rollover cables to go from the Xyplex to the RJ45/DB9 adapters on the routers. The adapters, which I bought locally at Cyber Exchange, plug into the serial ports on the routers. Here’s what it looks like:
See a closeup of the pinout
I could have wired my network cards directly to each other, but I’m using a patch panel. Since I’m going from card to card, I had to make a couple dozen crossover cables.
Later, I changed this wiring design. In order to have a topology that I can configure remotely, I plugged all fxp0 interfaces into untagged ports on the NetGear. I recommend fxp0 for any management of the Olives since fxp0 on the Olive suffers some routing problems due to its significance in an actual M/T router.
Originally, I used an old version of Ghost to get the router images duplicated. The process is pretty speedy since the image is only about 1GB. Speedier still is making it from scratch.
Step 1) Install the base OS
Install FreeBSD 4.4 mini from this ISO (176 MB)
Make a single partition, type 165, set it active (bootable) and then slice it like this:
/dev/ad0s1a, 500M, /
/dev/ad0s1b, 500M, swap
/dev/ad0s1e, 100M, /config
/dev/ad0s1f, the rest, /var
Step 2) Make some file system changes
After it reboots, issue these commands:
# rm /dev/wd0c
# ln -s /dev/ad0c /dev/wd0c
# mkdir /var/etc
# touch /var/etc/master.passwd
# touch /var/etc/inetd.conf
# touch /var/etc/group
Step 3) Copy and add the jinstall
(A note about the JUNOS software: I will not send anyone Juniper software. Don’t ask. If you don’t know how to get it, then you’re probably not supposed to have it anyway. You can download it from the Juniper site if you have an account. Don’t bug Juniper JTAC about olives either. They are not supported.)
I started with jinstall 7.2R2.4, which I had on CD. A reader from The Netherlands reported problems starting this install with anything later than 7.4R3.3, however had no problems upgrading to later versions from the CLI once the install was complete.
# mount /cdrom
# cp /cdrom/jinstall-7.2R2.4-domestic-signed.tgz /var/tmp
# pkg_add /var/tmp/jinstall-7.2R2.4-domestic-signed.tgz
The pkg_add process does its thing, which takes about 30 seconds. Time to reboot…
# umount /cdrom
(Take out the CD if you want to get it from the drive before you reboot.)
Step 4) Don’t touch it
The router will start up, install the jinstall package automatically, then reboot itself.
Step 5) Enjoy
The total time elapsed from start to finish should be about 15 minutes.
The routers are designed to be accessible via the serial port. For this I purchased a Xyplex MaxServer 1640, also on ebay. The number of ports (40) was over-kill, but other terminal servers (Cyclades, Cisco) cost too much or were too old. The lesser models of the Xyplex came with a BNC media link – yuck! The 1640 is only 10Mbit but it has an RJ45 media link. Simple topology.
I used the manual to revert to the default configuration and loaded this configuration. Next, I used telnet to connect from my computer. Here is the command:
telnet [IP address] [port] (where [port] = 2000 + port number X 100)
Since I used port # 31 for Router1, my command looks like this:
telnet 192.168.0.100 5100
Other Simulator Downloads – http://routersimulator.certexams.com/juniper-sim/index.html